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Know Your History. Or Be Doomed To Repeat It
Let's remember our history, with the Black Ops Franchise.
COD: World At War. Released November 11th, 2008. The campaign, it's story mode, showed the perspective of different sides of WW2. Americans versus the Japanese, and Russians against the Germans and Nazis. This was the story of Private Miller, the soldier we play as on the American side, Dimitri Petrenko, the soldier we play as on the russian side, and Victor Reznov. Dimitri's, and our, Comrade on the Russian side. As we play through the game, we experience snippets of WW2. Though, I believe everyone remembers the Russian side a bit more then the American, due to well, how it ends, and our comrade, Reznov. It was a good campaign for it's time, and certainly felt engaging.
But... that's not the only thing we remember from that game of course. I'm not just talking about the multiplayer. I am of course talking about, Nazi Zombies. 4 Maps. And it started with...
Nacht Der Untoten. Night Of The Dead. Back then, no perks. Not that big of a place. Just, what? Three rooms really? And a Mystery Box. I think there was a easter egg song possibly, but I can't fully remember. You were simply one of four soldiers trying to survive the Nazi horde. Due to popularity of the mode, DLC was made for it. Verrukt, Shi No Numa, and Der Riese. Verrukt introduced Power, Perks, and Traps. Shi No Numa introduces what we now call the Ultimis Crew; Edward RIchtofen, Tank Dempsey, Nikolai Belinski, and Takeo Masaki. And Der Riese, well, introduced the Pack-A-Punch, and the Teleporter.
That was it for the Zombies mode in World At War. And we've come a long, long way since then. But that's not our entire history.
COD: Black Ops. Released November 9th, 2010. The Campaign is centered around Alex Mason, who is being interrogated by Hudson, though that isn't revealed to us at first. We are tasked with going through Mason's memories and piecing together his past, what built up to this moment of him waking up in a chair and being forced to listen to a numbers broadcast on repeat, always being asked "What do the numbers mean, Mason?"
We are also introduced to an old friend, Victor Reznov. And through Reznov's eyes, we learn of how he ended up in Vorkuta, and the fate of Dimitri. Through the rest of the campaign as we work on catching up with the present, we see Reznov several times throughout the story, always assisting Mason. Though, once we finally catch up with the present, and Mason breaks free of the chair and stumbles through the halls of the place he was locked up in, he, and us, learn the truth. "We are brothers, Mason. We, are the same."
Victor Reznov wasn't there. But was he dead? It's hinted that he may not be, through a secret you can find in the game that says: "Reznov is dead, or is he dead, there was no body, is he who he says he is." Mason finally figures out where the broadcast station is; The Rusalka, the very ship you see near the beginning of the game. He and Hudson, along with many other soldiers, work together to bring the broadcast station down, and Mason finally finishes the mission Reznov had burned into his brain: "Dragovich, Cravchenko, Steiner... these, 'men', must die." But.. it doesn't end on a truly happy ending.
"0. 11. 24. 11. 1. 7. 19. 20. 10. 14. 2. 3. 19. 0. 8. 11. 22. 21. 5. 17." "17. 0. 10. 2. 23. 1. ("1.") 8. 11. 25. 22. ("22.") 9. 4. ("6.5 Milimeter.") 12. 9. 23. 1. 12. 0. 12. 16. ("11:22.") 6. 12. 8. 4. 1. 6. 2. 10. 2. 1. ("Texas.")" "Ascension."
Mason, still effected by the brainwashing, assassinated JFK.
Now with all that out of the way... let's talk about the Zombies.
Kino Der Toten, Ascension, Five, Call Of The Dead, Shangri-La, and Moon are the main Zombie Maps. Additionally, there is Dead Ops Arcade, and remasters of Nacht Der Untoten, Verrukt, Shi No Numa, and Der Riese. In total, that is... 11 Zombie Maps. Phew.
And with Kino Der Toten, Ascenscion, Call Of The Dead, Shangri-La, and Moon, came the true beginning of our Zombies Storyline with the Ultimis Crew. The story is, that Richtofen, our German DoctoScientist, basically fucked up. He forced Samantha and Dr. Maxis, Samanta being the daughter of Dr. Maxis, into a teleporter, along with Samantha's Dog, Fluffy, which he had experimented on and turned undead. Though, once he did this, shit hit the fan.
Samantha Maxis fell into the device they had uncovered on the Moon, and became in control of all the undead, and was now determined to get revenge on Group 935, something that Richtofen was a part of. He ended up awakening other test subjects he had to help himself survive and work on a plan. These test subjects were of course Dempsey, Nikolai, and Takeo. With their help, traversing from one place to another, and through time, they secured what he needed for his plan. Which was to gain control of the device for himself. This ended with RIchtofen, switching souls with Samantha's Body, and taking control of the Zombie Horde for himself. Then, Dr. Maxis, Samantha's Father, who had killed himself to fuel Samantha's rage, was now a spirit who had access to technology... somehow. I dont' remember if that was explained anywhere or something. Anyway, Maxis convinces Samantha, Dempsey, Takeo, and Nikolai to launch some rockets that were on the moon. Which Maxis used to blow up the earth, thinking it would help sever Richtofen's connection with the undead horde and Agartha, which is a can of worms I will get into, later. But it didn't fully work. Oops. So the world got fucked for no reason.
Thus ends the story of the Black Ops 1 Ultimis Crew... and now we move on to the next game.
COD: Black Ops 2. Released November 12th, 2012. ...Man i've typed a lot haven't I? Anyway...
The story of Black Ops 2 centered around the future, 2025. And, features a branching storyline with multiple choices which effect the outcome of it. Pretty neat! It's main characters are, well, mainly Alex Mason and David Mason, David being Alex Mason's Son, Raul Menendez, and Frank Woods. Menendez is in fact, the Antagonist of the story, but there are parts where we play as him. When we play as Alex or Frank, it is taking place between 1986 to 1989. When we play as David, it is taking place in 2025. And when we play as Menendez, once is back somewhere between 1986 to 1989, and another time is in 2025.
Reznov does make an appearence, but whether it was actually Reznov or just a hallucination, is hard to say. Now, since the story can have multiple paths and endings... it's hard to fully discuss. It could either end horribly, or end perfectly depending on your choices.
But basically, Menendez wants to take revenge on others due to the death of his sister, Josefina, cause well, someone threw a grenade... which bounced into her room, and blew up, killing her. Menendez then set out to basically fuck up Woods and Alex Mason's lives and get revenge on the world as well. Which leads to Woods possibly (Depending on what you do) ...be tricked into killing Alex Mason. And get his kneecaps shotgunned.
The future side of the campaign focuses on David Mason trying to capture Raul Menendez and stop his cyber attack. Again, the outcome of the story is changeable, so you can't really tell what ending is Canon and what isn't.
But now that we talked about that, let's talk about the Zombies mode, again.
We only get one map at the start really, which can be played in separate pieces independently, but let's not count those pieces as actual maps as their just chunks of a bigger map. In Black Ops 2 Zombies, we get Tranzit, Nuketown Zombies, Die Rise, Mob Of The Dead, Buried, and Origins. 6 Maps.
Tranzit, Die Rise, and Buried are focused on what is now called the Victis Crew, but back then was called the Tranzit Crew, who was tasked with either supporting Richtofen or Maxis on gaining control of towers spread throughout the broken world, a cross map easter-egg, and again, the branching story thing is here. Depending on who we assist throughout the three maps, we get one of two endings in Buried, though if you really wanted to, you could do both Richtofen and Maxis. Now according to the Zombies Timeline, the Maxis ending is Canon, and Maxis well, ends up destroying the earth to attempt to reach Agartha and see Samantha again.
Nuketown Zombies takes place during the events of Moon, and you can end up watching the Zombies Eyes change from Yellow (Samantha) to Blue (Richtofen) after a certain amount of rounds.
Mob Of The Dead takes place somewhere outside of the main story, where we see the characters Micheal "Finn" O'leary, Albert "Weasel" Arlington, Salvatore "Sal" Deluca, and Billy Handsome, attempting to break out of a hellish version of Alcatraz. The story is, all four characters on the island, are dead and in purgatory, and at the end of the Easter Egg, whoever is playing Weasel must then face against whatever other players are in the game, Weasel being assisted by up to two Brutus'. Depending on who wins the fight, the cycle either continues, or is broken. Once again, a theme of choice is shown.
Now, we move onto the last map of the Zombies mode; Origins. This map is mostly focused on the Easter Egg, which is called Little Lost Girl. As it focuses on Samantha Maxis, who pleads for help... from Primis. Edward Richtofen, Tank Dempsey, Nikolai Belinski, and Takeo Masaki. But not the versions we knew before.
These are a crew made up of an alternate version of the Primis crew. We are tasked to put together 4 staffs, each staff using an element of some sort, one being Fire, another being Ice, then Lightning, and finally Air. These staffs are one of the best wonder weapons ever conceived. Yeah, even the Air one. We then use these staffs to open up a gateway of some sort, and, oh, I forgot to mention, at the beginning of the map Richtofen cut out Maxis' brain so that he would not come back as a Zombie, and you end up attaching that brain to a Drone, but it's in a jar. So yeah, when you open that gateway, the Maxis-drone ascends, through it, and Primis follows it through, ending the game and Zombies mode of Black Ops 2, as we are left with a cutscene of Samantha, and a child version of Richtofen, playing with Zombie toys, in a house. The last thing we hear from Samantha is: "Don't worry, my dad has a plan." Ok, next game...
COD: Black Ops 3. Released November 6th, 2015.
So... the story is... uh. A mindfuck.
You wouldn't even know the true story unless you looked it up or tried figuring it out yourself maybe. The writers of the Zombie Storyline seemed to want to add their own mindfuckery to the campaign of this, and... yeah. Ok so the first mission is technically the only mission that your character is actually a part of. Every mission onward, is not your character's missions. They are the memories of John Taylor, who interfaces with you while your in a coma cause of a bunch of robots tearing off your limbs and shit. Course, these memories are screwed up cause uh, oh yeah... your dying. This is all in your head, being simulated by the DNI or whatever. Rather then see who Taylor faced, your facing Taylor and his team, rather then the team Taylor actually faced. The very last mission is basically, your death. Your character doesn't actually stop a virus or help start a rebellion or anything. Your character dies in a coma. Also, this campaign shows no connections at all really to the previous Black Ops Campaigns.
Also, I beat the Campaign on Realistic with the help of some friends, and all I got to show for it is an achievement telling me no one would believe me.
Now, there is a few other things, like the return of Dead Ops Arcade, which is neat, and another mode simply called Nightmares. Basically, Zombies in Campaign, but don't expect much. They basically reuse the entire Campaign, assets and all, and voice over it. That's it, sadly. I mean, it wasn't bad, but it could've been better. Was fun to hear some Zombies songs while killing undead though, and I do like the idea of Deadkillers.
Now... they also tried to make a story for Multiplayer kind of? Someone has been keeping an eye on all the Specialists and records a lot of info about them all, but I can't recall if it was revealed who collected all this info on them. Even though I got all of the Specialists Gold...
Now, all that's left... is Zombies. Hoo boy. Heeeere we go.
Now, all the maps we got in this game were... Shadows Of Evil, The Giant, Der Eisendrache, Zetsubou No Shima, Gorod Krovi, and Revelations. THEN, with Zombies Chronicles we also got: Nacht Der Untoten, Verrukt, Shi No Numa, Kino Der Toten, Ascension, Shangri-La, Moon, and Origins. So in total, that is... 14 Zombie Maps. 15 if you count the sequel to Dead Ops Arcade.
Shadows Of Evil, you play as one of four new characters, Nero Blackstone, Jessica Rose, Jack Vincent, or Floyd Campbell, and the map takes place in Morg City, set in the 1940s. The four characters are tricked by someone called the Shadow Man, into summoning the Apothicons to their world. Then, with the help of the Keepers, defeat him and stick him inside a little object called the Summoning Key, that is actually very, very powerful, and important, and valuable. Now, the Apothicons are basically the bad guys, and the Keepers are the good guys... for now. That's all you need to know right now. Anyway, our crew is about to give the Key to the Keepers to hopefully get them out of this mess... only for someone to quickly come in, and take the key. Edward Richtofen. The Richtofen from Origins. Primis Richtofen. He just comes into the dimension through a portal, takes the key, and leaves, dooming the Morg City crew and their dimension. Dick move, but he had to.
Next is The Giant, which is basically Der Riese, but instead of Ultimis, we are playing as Primis, and the map takes place after Richtofen gets the Summoning Key, and right when Richtofen, er, Ultimis Richtofen, forces Samantha, Maxis, and Fluffy into the teleporter. At which point, Primis Dempsey, Nikolai, and Takeo enter the scene, and try to convince him to awaken the test subjects. And then, Ultimis Richtofen opens the teleporter, revealing Primis Richtofen, who then shoots his Ultimis version in the head. A big WTF moment at the time. There isn't much of an easter egg in this map, it's simply something where Maxis, the version of Maxis who was in the drone (I'll explain later), locates where they are and then helps send them to where they need to go next.
Now, we go to Der Eisendrache. Here, we work on stopping the rocket containing Ultimis Dempsey from going to the moon, which we manage to do, but, the pod Ultimis Dempsey is in, is protected with an electric forcefield, which was turned on from the Moon. So what do they end up having to do? They blow up the Moon. Yeah. Then, Richtofen gets to work on killing Ultimis Dempsey, only for Primis Dempsey to stop him, and ask to let him do it himself, so yeah, Primis Dempsey gets a moment with his Ultimis version, before cutting off his life support, and his soul is absorbed into the summoning key. Ok, next map!
Zetsubou No Shima. ...Not the best map out of them. So the Primis Crew is captured by Division 9, and are being taken to the island, though they manage to escape their captors and destroy the boat they were on, ending up having to take a dingy (That's what their called right?) to the island. When they get there, and after defeating a giant fucking spider among other stuff that... i don't fully know about because I never tried the Easter Egg, they find Ultimis Takeo. Ultimis Takeo and Primis Takeo have a chat, and Ultimis Takeo reveales to Primis Takeo... that their Emperor has betrayed them. That the one who put him here, on this island, was the Emperor himself. This shatters Primis Takeo, as he was greatly devoted to his Emperor. Ultimis Takeo then asks Primis Takeo to be his Kaishakunin, helping him commit Seppuku, once he is asked to give up his soul to help secure a better tomorrow. Thus, Ultimis Takeo's soul is absorbed into the Key, but rather then go straight to Gorod Krovi, they stop by Mob Of The Dead... to secure blood vials. Now, the reason these are important, is they are their "Insurance Policy", as Primis Richtofen puts it, which I will explain later. And when I say later, I mean Revelations.
Gorod Krovi. The Primis crew descends into a battlefield taking place at Stalingrad, and well, this time, securing the soul will not be so easy, as the last soul for them to take is that of Ultimis Nikolai. And he has a mech. And there are dragons. And they have to work with an A.I named Sophia. The Easter Egg ends with Primis and Ultimis Nikolai talking to eachother, Ultimis Nikolai angrily shooting a pistol at Primis Nikolai, and Primis Nikolai shooting Ultimis Nikolai with a shotgun in retaliation, and his soul is absorbed into the Summoning Key. Then, the souls are sent out of the key... and to the House. But the map doesn't end. Rather, we spawn back into the map, and Primis Takeo, Nikolai, and Dempsey will hear a voice. The voice of Doctor Monty, who is responsible for... a lot of things.
Dr. Monty is someone who kinda helped create the Perks, the Gobblegums, and is who set the Primis crew on this path in the first place. He is the one who promised them a better tomorrow, really. Dr. Monty is a Keeper, and has powers over Agartha, AKA the Aether. A realm between realms. It is where Samantha and the Child version of Richtofen we saw are. And that is where we are sending the souls, to become children in the house. Monty also gave Maxis a new body, and cleansed Samantha of her corruption as well. As in, yeah. That's the Samantha we've known since the very beginning.
Finally, FINALLY, we are here. This is it. Revelations. It begins with one thing going wrong.
Leading to everything getting fucked.
Remember the Shadow Man? He's still in the Summoning Key. And the key was brought to Agartha. The Shadow Man lures Maxis to come to the key, to open it... switching souls with him, trapping Maxis in the key, and the Shadow Man takes over his body. The Shadow Man then begins to tear Agartha apart and open portals and whatnot for the Apothicons to enter Agartha. The Children are no longer safe. The Better Tomorrow is no longer secure. And so, our crew works together to defeat the Shadow Man. ...But not before drinking those blood vials. Their insurance policy, which I will reveal the purpose of in a moment. They then use the Summoning Key, with help from Sophia, and the Kronorium (Something I will explain soon) to defeat him. Once this is done, Maxis, inhabiting the Summoning Key, with Sophia's help... do the only thing they can think of doing to save the children.
They erase it all. Or well, shove it all to another timeline or something. Basically sacrificing themselves, to secure the better tomorrow. Though, this would've included the Primis crew. Would've. But it didn't. Cause they drank the blood vials. Their Insurance Policy. it prevented them from being erased. But, this upset Monty greatly, as it caused a paradox. So, he was about to erase them from existence... before getting a bright idea. The Primis crew is then sent back in time, back to... a long, long time ago. Back to why they were given the name Primis in the first place.
Thus... the Cycle continues. As it turns out, they may have been through this many, many times over. It was a Cycle the whole time. And so, the cutscene ends, even with The End showing up. Now, I don't have to recap all the maps in Zombies Chronicles, as I already talked about them all. Though, there is something new in all of them; A new radio, which plays a clip of Dr. Monty saying something. But that's it really, though... I guess Zombies Chronicles was the beginning of the next Cycle.
...Then Black Ops 4 happened.
COD: Black Ops 4. Released October 12, 2018. Campaign? Oh yeah. There is none.
...Ok there is a very small odd thing that can be i guess considered a campaign? It's literally just tutorials showing how to play as the specialists, with Woods commentating and instructing you how to play as them. ...But then it gets mindfuckey here and there and oh yeah THEY PUT YOU AGAINST STUFF FROM ZOMBIES AND GIVE YOU A RAYGUN. WHAT. This only happens in one tutorial, involving Recon. BUT STILL. IT HAPPENS. AND MAKES ME GO WTF. And besides that mindfuck, Frank Woods is back to his young self, and... I don't know. I ltierally... I don't know. I have to look this up on a wiki or something.
OK. Looked it up... i'm still fucking confused. So... there's something called a Project Blackout (Which links to the Battle Royale Mode?) and it experiments with reviving the dead... and they used it on 4 people: Alex Mason, Frank Woods, Raul Menendez, and... Victor Reznov. And then... Woods might be in a relationship with Savannah, and is tasked with brainwashing Mason with numbers? Why? And... I don't... uh... What the fuck... where was the story going??? I'm still so confused even after reading it all???
...Now... for the last time for now. Zombies Mode. ...With TWO STORYLINES. AT THE SAME TIME. WHY? I dunno! It was stupid to do two at once in my opinion. But let's cover Chaos first then.
So, for Chaos we have... IX (Nine), Voyage Of Despair, Dead Of The Night, and Ancient Evil. Our Chaos Crew, is made up of Scarlett Rhodes, Diego Necalli, Bruno Delacroix, and Stanton Shaw. In chronological order, it begins with Dead Of The Night. Which doesn't even involve our Chaos Crew, actually.
Our Dead Of The Night Crew is composed of... some gunslinger, an old soldier, a butler, and a fortune teller. Why do I not bother to name them? Cause their not really central to the story of Chaos actually. You could literally name them anything cause all four of em die in this map. None of them are important. Maybe the Butler? But all he's good for is showing that people who are resurrected with the Staff of Ra are corrupted with something, except he didn't even show that in the map, he shows it in a music video. The map could literally not exist and the main plot of Chaos would probably be fine? Though at the very end it shows Scarlett's father being kidnapped and his mansion burning down. Oh, and i didn't even divulge the plot really yet. You see, Scarlett got a letter from her father, who gets captured and she goes to get him back, and also get answers about the letter, the details of she doesn't divulge much of, but it has her spooked.
...To be honest, I am intrigued by the Chaos story. But one, i've been writing this for hours now without rest, and two, they tried doing two stories at once rather then finish one and wait til the next game to do the new one. Which fucked over the Aether story a bit. So I am a bit salty. Anyway, moving on,
Voyage Of Despair. A map that takes place, on the Titanic. Sounded cool. Probably isn't even that bad of a map really, but for more casual play I always just boot up IX. I'm getting sidetracked. So, after Scarlett's father is kidnapped, she gets to work on figuring out how to get him back. She then recruits 3 people her father had trusted, Diego, Bruno, and Shaw. They get to work on stealing something from the Titanic... only for something to go wrong and the Titanic is infested with Zombies as what they were stealing, was actually an artifact that uses Chaos energy, or... whatever the name of the substance is, which can turn a shit ton of people into Zombies, and the only way to turn people back and whatnot... is to pass some kind of trial that the Artifact triggers. So, they end up passing this trial, and turning a lot of people back to normal, and see a weird hallucination of some sort showing a mysterious door, but now all of them have to try to leave a sinking ship. After this, they then head to the next map, IX.
But how they get there is that they figure out where the mysterious door is, but a mysterious oracle requests them to inhale an odd vapor which allows them to relive something in the past I think. This is how they arrive at IX. They then must go through a trial, which is activated by a priest, and are forced to complete it while being watched by a crowd. Once they manage to achieve completion of it, the doorway appears again, and the priest tries to use it, but his hand is seemingly corrupted upon trying to do so, and the doorway goes away.
The map ends with the Chaos Crew... getting their heads chopped off.
Thankfully though, they awake back in the present, but now have the knowledge they need to open the door in front of them. This, is how they go from IX to Ancient Evil. And in my opinion, IX and Ancient Evil are the best Chaos Maps. In Ancient Evil, they find the Oracle, trapped in a chair too strong to break and she is too weak to get free of it on her own. She uses her power to hold the Zombies back for a while until they make it to her, but can not hold them back for long, and is forced to let the horde awaken, and so our characters work toward setting the Oracle free, though in the process, also meet Perseus.
This version of Perseus is a douche. He is an undead warlord, and wants to achieve godhood. We end up having to stop him from killing the gods who, are currently sleeping apparently and would be unable to defend themselves against him. Once we do this, we get what we need to free the Oracle, and do so. ...Then... well. Turns out the Oracle isn't who she seems. Diego, Bruno, and Shaw make their way to wear the Oracle says Scarlett's father is... only to find him turned to stone.
The Oracle then uh... kisses Scarlett as a way to gain the knowledge she has.
The Oracle is actually Medusa. ...And Ancient Evil, ends on a cliff hanger. And so far, that is the story of Chaos. So far. Whether or not it will be continued is up for debate. It has potential... but it also has to live up to it's predecessor, The Aether Story.
The Aether Story consists of: Blood Of The Dead, Classified, Alpha Omega, and Tag Der Toten. In total, Black Ops 4 only has 8 Zombies Maps, 4 for each storyline. Which... is why they should've only done Aether first, and save Chaos for the next game. Would've given Aether Story a more paced ending, and Chaos a more paced beginning.
Blood Of The Dead begins with something... being wrong. We find the Primis crew in Alcatraz, here to retrieve the Blood Vials, though... it takes them a bit longer to get them then before. Even the other version of Primis Richtofen says their late, the opposite of what was shown in the Comics.
...Oh yeah. The Comics. I should explain that huh?
So, the Zombies Comics showed the story of Victis, the Tranzit Crew, being tasked by Richtofen, Primis Richtofen, using his connection to Samuel, to get two things that are needed; Blood samples of Victis, and the Kronorium. The Kronorium is like a magic 8 ball, except rather then answer you vaguely, it can answer you with exactly the thing you want to know. Though Richtofen often comments that the knowledge gifted to him from the book felt like a curse. After getting what he needed from them, he then takes them to an underground laboratory, and escorts the Victus crew into Cryo-Pods, putting them on ice for now.
This is where we meet the other version of Primis Richtofen, in the underground lab, under Alcatraz, though in the comics it wasn't that long of a stay, here, things end up taking a turn for the worst. The other Primis RIchtofen tells the Primis RIchtofen with the rest of the crew to check the Kronorium. This reveals that it's pages have changed. They then attempt to leave Alcatraz once the zombie horde begins to awaken... only for Brutus to literally destroy their exit portal, trapping them here. Primis is then forced to figure out a way to escape Alcatraz, encountering difficulties and hurdles along the way. But eventually, it all ends with a Boss fight against Brutus. But in the arena is a mechanism, which seems to be powered by blood. And it turns out, it is meant for Richtofen's blood.
Due to all the interdimensional timeline travelling Richtofen has done, his blood is very potent with Element 115, far more then the other 3 in the crew as he had actually traveled by himself for a while before meeting back up with them at The Giant. And so, in desperation, Richtofen steps into the machine, and allows it to begin to take his blood. ALL. of his blood.
...And then, a Cyropod opens. One that was hidden, right until before the Boss Battle. A 5th Crypod, hidden behind a wall. And out of it steps Primis Richtofen. Primis Richtofen, from the previous loop. From the Great War. You'd be able to tell it's the one we knew from the loop we had just been through, due to a scar on his face. A scar which the Primis Richtofen we had been playing as, lacked. Great War Richtofen steps out into the Boss Battle arena, and uses the stone from the original Fire Staff, to take away Brutus' ability to keep coming back from the dead, and frees all the souls who were unable to be at peace due to being trapped here in this purgatory. He then gives Nikolai the Kronorium, telling him to read it. ...And then in... well, a very sad scene... leaves the other version of himself to die what was probably a very slow and painful death.
Classified. Classified has no Easter Egg.
...Ok it kinda has one but only for a weapon. The only actual way to get the cutscene... is to survive to round 150. Yes. You heard me correctly. Round One Hundred and FIfty. There is no other way to achieve this. There is nothing else of any real importance in classified other then showing how they got to Area 51 I guess? But the biggest, most important thing is locked behind something that is basically... for me, impossible. What this cutscene shows is Primis finding Ultimis locked up in a cell in Area 51, but before the earth got blown up. But this is actually... post-Moon Ultimis. Including Richtofen. Not Samantha. The only way to explain that is well, a thing about the Maxis ending from Buried Maxis ends up trapping Richtofen in a Zombie body, that Richtofen was then recruited by Primis Richtofen to help move Victis along to go get the Kronorium and for them to give up samples of their blood. Then, that Zombie Richtofen somehow finds a way to his now empty body at area 51, and transfers his soul into it.
Ok, anyway, Primis recruits Ultimis... to help fight in the Great War. And i'm just going to tell you now so you don't have your hopes up, if you don't know how Aether ended.
You do not fight in the Great War. At all. Nikolai lies.
Now, the third map is Alpha Omega. And this is where the cutscenes are downgraded, to moving images with voice acting over them.
Yeah... wonder where all that cutscene stuff went.
Anyway, Alpha Omega is a remake of Nuketown Zombies. In fact, every Aether Zombie map in Black Ops 4 is a remake. Just letting you know. In Alpha Omega, we work toward getting the Elemental Shard, and what's unique about this map is it has 8 playable characters, though only 4 can be played at a time. The reason it is 8 is because you can play as either Primis or Ultimis versions of Richtofen, Dempsey, Nikolai, and Takeo. Though you can't have two of the same character sadly. Anyway, once you get the elemental shard... things go wrong at the House. Cause Monty finds out what's going on now. Monty finds out things are no longer going the way they should. Maxis puts Samantha and the child version of Edward in the teleporter... and as Maxis activates the teleporter to send the children away from the house, Monty transforms, and kills Maxis.
Samantha and Eddie (The child version of Edward) arrive at Alpha Omega. And Samantha is angry. And she has every right to be, letting out her anger in a blast of energy.
Samantha is back to her old self, and proclaims she and Eddie will fight in the great war. That they will burn the house down. That she will get her revenge.
...And again. I want to remind you. This is a lie. There is no Great War. Yet it is built up as if it isn't. There aren't even hints to it being a lie.
And so now. The end of Aether begins.
Tag Der Toten. Day Of The Dead. ...And it begins with a scene of Victis and Ultimis sharing a campfire together, sharing a drink. Nikolai instructs Samantha that she must be the one to defeat the one behind it all. Ultimis Richtofen, after everyone else is asleep, then begins to communicate to Sammuel, instructing him they need Victis' help one more time. And the scene reveals that Ultimis Richtofen, is once again a Zombie. Victis must then go to the location of Call Of The Dead, and help a stranger in a lighthouse, who is named Pablo.
...And now I have to explain who the heck Pablo is. Pablo is apparently someone integral to the Great War. Someone who helps make breaking the cycle possible. And yet he's been trapped here, at this lighthouse, in this place. But always dreams of being in the Great War.
Anyway, Victis helps Pablo, and also gets to work on making a special device... a device that will break the Cycle. The Agarthan Device. You see... apparently, Ultimis Richtofen did an experiment, involving souls and element 115. This experiment bonded his soul, the souls of Takeo, Nikolai, and Dempsey, to the Aether itself. Basically, one cannot exist without the other. Once this device is made, Pablo uses it first, to make sure the cycle is broken. He uses it to send himself to the Great War. And his last words are "I am going to save the universe!"
Once he leaves through a portal in the sky, the Agarthan device lands on the boat nearby. Once you pick it up and send it to the Primis and Ultimis crew...
....The ending begins.
Victis are now fighting against an unending Zombie Horde, fighting for their lives, Sammuel asking when their getting a way out. Nikolai begins to set up the device. And the way it works, is it can grant any wish. Any wish at all. No matter what.
...And so, Nikolai uses it to begin the destruction of the Multiverse, of the Aether itself, and he does it, by using it to destroy the Summoning Key. The very thing that was well, powerful enough to mess with the universe itself and everything. Once this happens... Tag Der Toten, Alpha Omega, Classified... Victis... they are all faded into darkness. Into the Dark Aether.
...Then... well. Once Ultimis RIchtofen says sorry to Sammuel, after Nikolai says sorry to Ultimis Richtofen, He shoots him in the head.
It then reveals that the drink he had everyone else drink, was poisoned. ...And... it shows the rest of Primis and Ultimis dying horrifically. ...And then Samantha returns. And Nikolai instructs her to do what he cannot. And hands her a pistol. Making her shoot him in the head.
...And then one last scene plays out. But you are in control of it. Samantha and Eddie are in a void. And the only thing they can see is a light at the end of it. The only song you can hear... is Samantha's Lullaby. The only thing you can do, is move forward. You are controlling Eddie and Samantha. You are making them move forward, toward the light. Toward the better tomorrow they had worked so hard to achieve. Finally. It was theirs. Finally. They were safe.
...And as you move toward the light, you begin to hear Ultimis' and Primis' last wishes. And it really is heartwrenching. And then, you walk into the light...
Game Over. You Survived X Number of Rounds.
...And that is it. That, is Black Ops 4. That is our history with this franchise. With it's Campaign, it's Zombies, and some of it's Multiplayer.
You told us to know our history. So here it is, to the best of my knowledge and as much as I can write of it. And now i'm hoping, you know yours.
Argument for Jesus Resurrection
The disciples claim they had experiences of meeting the risen Christ with full conviction..... the disciples definitely believed they seen and touched the risen Christ.... even Bart Ehrman who is an atheist-agnostic quotes...... "I dont doubt at all that some disciples claimed this,... Paul, writing about twenty five years later, indicates that this is what they claimed, and i don't think he is making it up. The new Testament: A Historical Introduction to the early Christian Writings Page 301
and another christian scholar quotes "It is an equally secure fact that the disiples of Jesus saw him (in what sense is not certain) after his death...... thereafter his followers saw him. The Historical Figure of Jesus Page 13
The reason for this is many attestations, such as Paul's Epistles, Mark, John, Matthew, Luke and Acts, and even Josephus,
And there is no way to explain the rise of Christianity if this didn't happen, something had to happen which compelled the disciples of Jesus to begin preaching this..
So.. the disciples claimed they seen and touched the Risen Christ...... but i'm sure you would say why take their claims seriously? ......
When testimonies are unreliable is when the event happens quickly coz its hard to retain memory of the event... (the disciples of Jesus report Jesus eating and drinking with them and with them for a long period of time and even engaging in conversation with them , Acts10:41, Luke 24:26-49, John 21:1-4)... when someone is really expecting it such as people actually looking for big-foot or aliens ufos or if they are stranded and actually look for any near helicopters and start tricking their minds into seeing such things .. (the disciples were never expecting a dying messiah as the messiah would live forever, and never expecting a dying and rising God, this is so foreign to them, when their messiah died, it was like end game for them, especially dying on a cross, this is like end game for them....... and all the accounts embarrassingly report that the disciples had miss-understood the scriptures and what Jesus had claimed Mark 8:31-32 , Matt 16:21-23 , Luke 24:10-11 , Acts 1:6 , John 20:9) so they defs weren't expecting Jesus to rise from death, as even Thomas is reported not believing........ Plus the disciples all knew each-other and they knew Jesus so this event didn't happen with strangers...
But even if you write off the gospels as later myths.... we still have early creeds and oral sermons handed down which report these as-well (1 Corinthians 15:3-7 , Acts 2:32 , Acts 10:41 )
All the evidence really points to the disciples had to experience something...
Paul also passes down a creed as he received and passes down to others as-well...
1 Corinthians 15:3-7 New International Version (NIV)
3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Cephas, and then to the Twelve. 6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles,
Plus the disciples all claim that they seen Jesus together, so if you want to claim it was a hallucination... group hallucinations don't happen.... even if you take the gospels as later myths.... there is still the early creed reporting that Jesus appeared to the group, and early sermons in Acts which report Jesus eating and sitting with the disciples (Acts 10:34-43).... As Bart Ehrman also says "I dont doubt at all that some disciples claimed this,... Paul, writing about twenty five years later, indicates that this is what they claimed, and i don't think he is making it up...
So group hallucinations are improbable as they definitely did report that Jesus appeared in group settings (1 Corinthians 15:3-7 , Acts 2:32 ; 13:30-32) and multi sensory over a period of time (Acts 10:34-43 ; 22:7-9 ; 26:12-18)
Also the narratives embarrassingly portray the disciples as cowardly running away for their lives when Jesus was going to be crucified.... (Matthew 26:31-35, 56 ; Mark 15:50 ; John 20:19 ) they even doubted the reports of the women (Luke 24:11, John 20:24-28) and when they first saw Jesus they were frightened (Luke 24:37-38)..... What this shows is that it cant be an hallucination, as hallucinations happen when someone really expects it but they weren't expecting a dying and rising Messiah God, that was foreign to them, and they definitely didn't expect Jesus to rise again and reported to be frightened when they apparently seen the Risen Christ...
Plus, all independent sources all claim the same thing about Jesus, is that He was in a bodily resurrected body, where he looks sort of like himself but slightly different and his body has new powers that they didn't have before (1 Corinth 15, luke 24, john 20-21 , Matthew 28)
The hallucination theory just doesn't fit, and even if you discount the gospels as unreliable, you still have to account for the early christians and the disciples all reporting a bodily resurrection and not a spiritual appearance...... the first christians are familiar with visions and claimed to have some... yet... they never said the appearances of Christ as mere visions... they firmly believe it was a bodily physical appearance... and that is what they preached from the beginning... ... as even sceptical scholar Gerd Ludemann quotes - we have no sound way to place the symbolic interpretation of Jesus' resurrection within the context of earliest christian resurrection beleif - Gird Ludemann
so since the appearances were in group settings, multi-sensory, do not vary, were not interpreted to be spiritual early on, weren't expecting it and weren't exited when seeing Jesus.... its pretty easy to dismiss hallucination theory
Plus Jesus appearances to skeptics.... James and the brothers (like Jude) of Jesus were not his followers before his crucifixion (John 7:5; Mark 3:31-35)
Examples of scholars who Accept this: Betz, Conzelmann, Craig, Derret, Ehrman, Funk, Hoover, Kee, Koester, Ladd, Lorenzen, Ludemann, Meier, Oden, Osborne, Pannenperg, Sanders, Spong, Struhlmacher, Wedderburn Source: The Risen Jesus and the Future Hope, Page 22, 24
And almost unanimously accepted is that Paul was an enemy of the church originally and a later convert... the reason for this is even Paul admits it himself and cites an early creed (Galatians 1:22-23 New International Version (NIV) 22 I was personally unknown to the churches of Judea that are in Christ. 23 They only heard the report: “The man who formerly persecuted us is now preaching the faith he once tried to destroy.”) and even another attestation from Luke the historian in the book of Acts..... it also meets the criteria of embarrassment that he says himself that he was a former persecutor and was in the wrong.........
The same goes for the conversion of James the brother of Jesus.,.. it is clear in the early material of Paul is that the early leader of the church was none other than James the brother of Jesus, (Gal 1:19; 2:9-12; 1 Corinth 15:7) and even Josephus who is outside the christian sources attests this in (Josephus Jewish Antiquities 20.9.1)....... however, all the sources suggests that James didn't believe his brother was the Christ during his early ministry (John 7:5 For even His brothers did not believe in Him., Mark 3:31-35) ........ No early christian would dare to attack a prominent leader in the church by claiming he was once Jesus' enemy.....
James wasnt even mentioned as one of them at the cross present with Jesus... and Jesus also surrendered his own mother to one of the disciples and why not to one of his own brothers if they were in the christian ranks?
(John 19:25-27 25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus therefore saw His mother, and the disciple whom He loved standing by, He said to His mother, “Woman, behold your son!” 27 Then He said to the disciple, “Behold your mother!” And from that hour that disciple took her to his own home.) this can also explain why most scholars including Bart Ehrman who is an atheist-agnostic accept James and his brothers were early skeptics and only converted after the crucifixion.
So the real question is what happened that turned these apposed to Christianity into believers?
Would they lie? why on earth would they do that?? the early church was a persecuted and hated minority with a messiah who was shamefully crucified as a criminal and they were to poor to afford their own tomb... Jesus has dishonoured the family and James was already opposed to his ministry, why would he lie when there is nothing to gain but shame and dishonour to suddenly reverse and proclaim his brother is Lord after he has already mocked him openly (John 7:1-9)........... Paul also had no reason to try this.. he was on top of his game, a prominent leader on the rise and making a name for himself while he persecuted the church (Philipians 3:4-6)... he had all going for him and suddenly he wants to leave all that and join the small persecuted minority that already hate him?
would you say it was an hallucination? neither of them were grieving especially Paul wasn't, James might have been but certainly wasn't expecting a dying and rising messiah to be his own brother who was just killed, a dying and rising messiah God isn't part of second temple judaism beliefs... in-fact Jesus' death would have supported James and his brothers conviction and supported their belief that Jesus isn't the messiah............. and the possibility that Paul had an hallucination is far more lower than James because usually people have hallucinations when they are grieving the death and expecting it not to be so...
What i'm doing is looking at the surrounding facts that accompany these claimed appearances and see which theory is the most plausible with them,... the theories such as the conspiracy, mythic and hallucination theory just doesn't add up with all the facts... what you would have to do is come up with your explanation of the facts and show which plausible theory accounts for the data..
Another thing that supports the preaching of the bodily resurrection of Jesus is the expectation of the gospel to the surrounding world.. the message of Jesus dying on the cross for our sins may sound warm and loving to us.... but in the ancient world, a culture which thrived on honour and status, such a message would be disgusting and horrendous...... Walter Bauer quotes "The enemies of Christianity always referred to the disgracefulness of the death of Jesus with great emphasis and malicious pleasure. A God or a Son of God dying on a cross! that was enough to put paid on the new religion." Crucifixion page 19)
David De-Silva notes the same thing in his work...'Unlocking New Testament Culture Page 51' "christianity was founded on a premise that should have failed the moment it began"
in such a culture, the christians preached to the gentiles to worship a man that was shamefully executed on a cross... a jewish man..... and romans looked down on jews... a jewish carpenter...... Cicero (A roman statesmen who served as consul in the year 63 BC called carpeting vulgar and compared it to slavery 'De Officiis Liber I XI.II'... on-top of that they preached a physical resurrection to the roman world which was opposed to most pagans...... Even more, the christians placed such high ethical demands on new converts that would of shocked most pagans (no temple prostitutions or extra marital affairs affairs).... morality was radically challenged by christians that flew in the face of most pagans....... the message about Christ was incompatible with the most deeply rooted religious ideology within the gentile world and the roman world....
this is also seen by the christian opponents and how they attacked christianity....
Celcus 177AD ... but if Jesus was really so great, he ought, in order to display his greatness, to have suddenly dissapeared from the cross. Origen: Contra Celsum 68
Even the Jews thought that this message of a crucified messiah was disgraceful.... a messiah who was shamefully crucified and murdered by the roman enemy.... their messiah was to be a conquerer, a king, who would restore an earthly kingdom of Israel and defeat Rome..... Jesus was shamed and disgraced,
So this really does cut the conspiracy theory, Knowing the expectation of the gospel would have no group of conspirators would ever have made it their core doctrine..If you'r going to make a message to gain a following, then make something that is appealing and not something that was expected to fail.....
Also taking into consideration the low status of women in the ancient world, it is unanimously accepted in the ancient world that the testimony of women were not to be accepted...
sources such as : But let not the testimony of women be admitted, on account of the levity and boldness of their sex - Josephus, Antiquities, 4.8.15 ..
.... Any evidence which a women gives is not valid to offer -Talmud, Rosh Hashana 1.8c ..
. Let the words of the law be burned rather than committed to women - Rabbi Eleazar ....
But the disciples preached this in their 4 sources Matthew, Mark, Luke and John, that women were the first and primary witnesses to the empty tomb....... this fact would be embarrassing for the early church and just couldn't be made up, ..... first they admitted they didn't even trust the testimonies of the women..
10 Now it was Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the mother of James and the other women with them who told these things to the apostles, 11 but these words seemed to them an idle tale, and they did not believe them.
Also, all the early sermons in Acts and the Epistles always skip over the fact that women were the first to discover the tomb.,.. (1 Corinth 15, Acts2:22-36 , Acts 19:28-47, Acts 17:22-35, Acts 26:2-23) .... That doesn't contradict the gospels, but they tend to stay silent in this matter in order to make their early case because women aren't deemed to be credible witnesses.. but in the gospels they cant leave the fact out as they are the ones that play a key role in discovering the empty tomb and the first key eye witnesses to the resurrection therefore making their testimony necessary....... and for an ancient writer, this isn't something you would just make up...
Celsus even uses this to try discredit christianity... Celsus (177 AD).. That while alive he was of no assistance to himself, but that when dead he rose again, and showed the marks of his punishment, and how his hands were pierced with nails: who beheld this? a half-frantic woman, as you state, and some other one, perhaps, of those who were engaged in the same system of delusion." Origen: Contra Celsum 2.55
NT wright also says "As historians we are obliged to comment that if these stories had been made up five years later, let alone thirty, forty, or fifty years later, they would never had had Mary Magdalene in this role. To put Mary there is, from the point of view of Christian apologists wanting to explain to a skeptical audience that Jesus really did rise from the dead, like shooting themselves in the foot. But to us as historians this kind of thing is gold dust. The early Christians would never, never have made this up." There is a God Page 207
This fact about the women can only be explained if there really was an empty tomb and the early christians just wouldn't lie about women finding it, if they wanted to lie, men would be better candidates..
Another key evidence is the immediate proclamation in Jerusalem...
Paul mentions this as-well as Tacitus also mentions "Nero fastened the guilt and inflicted the most exquisite tortures on a class hated for their abominations, called Christians by the populace. Christus, from whom the name had its origin, suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilatus, and a most mischievous superstition, thus checked for the moment, again broke out not only in Judæa, the first source of the evil, but even in Rome," Tacitus Analls 15.44
Paul also mentions in his early epistles that the apostles were still preaching in Jerusalem in Galations 2:1,9
IF the evidence wasn't in their favour, then it would of made sense that the early church should of gone elsewhere, as cults often do, cult leaders often round up their followers and take them away from civilisation or take them elsewhere from a place you can be disproven, just like mormonism when Joseph Smith led his people away from new york...
But the Disciples of Jesus went straight to the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem and told them that they crucified their messiah and he has been raised.... if your an imposter then you would go somewhere else to proclaim your miracle, not in Jerusalem where they have the evidence, motives and the means to debunk it...
Could you say its a really really strong group hallucination that convinced the disciples so much that they know theres an empty tomb in the Jerusalem area and they believed they seen and touched the Risen Christ that they preach in Jerusalem?..... you could... but way more improbable .... as if Jesus is truly resurrected, of-course the disciples had the boldness to proclaim it there as God would have been on their side and all the evidence in their favour...
Going to the voluntary suffering of the disciples, coz this is a big part supporting the resurrection of Jesus... and you say "Lots of people willing to die for their convictions."... but you need to understand that their conviction was seeing, touching, talking with the risen Christ...
Multiple attestations of christian and non christian sources attest that early witnesses were persecuted and even martyred for their faith,......Tacitus analls 15.44 (nero persecution), Suetonius 2.51(jews expelled from Rome because of Christus), Josephus antiquities 20.9.1 (James the brother of Jesus was martyred)...
Paul admits intense persecution ... Colossians 1:24, 2 Corinth 11:16-33, Phil 4:12..
Clement of Rome also indicated that Paul and Peter were martyred (1 Clement 5:3-6)
and Paul even boasts about all his sufferings in (2 Corinthians 11:16-33).. and multiple attestations as-well as in Acts and the Epistles that many imprisonments and sufferings the early witnesses endured...
But of-course you would say why are the christians any different? people die for what they believe in all the time... thats true, people do die for some things that are false but they don't die for something they know to be false.... i'm not talking about christians who were martyred, but the disciples and witnesses of Jesus resurrection who died for believing they seen and touched the risen Christ......
The Disciples didn't just die for their beliefs, but for events they claimed had happened and knew very well if they were true or made up, liars make lousy martyrs, when you have nothing to gain, it doesn't make sense to make up and hold on to something that is going to get you nothing....
And the disciples weren't getting much for their new religion..
they were constantly facing persecution: Colossians 1:24; 2 corinthians 11:16-33, Phillipians 4:12; Book of Acts; 1Clement 5:3-6; Annals 15.44; Antiquities 20.9.1 ....
they didn't gain wealth .. 1 Corinth 8; 9,6; 2 Thessalonians 3:8, Acts 24:17
If they were doing it because they were insane and wanting a cult following, then they did some things that did not make any sense... like establishing churches in different regions they didn't have total control over, ... Paul moved from city to city establishing believers and then moving on, ... if your trying to establish a cult in a controlled group of people then you do what cult leaders do, you gather your followers,... remove them from society where there is a threat they will be pulled away by reality, and you keep them very close to keep them brain washed........... the apostles didn't do that, they stayed in populated cities and left their new churches to establish more churches in other cities which leaves your followers vulnerable for corruption...... and if you read the epistles that is what happened, the apostles had to revisit these churches and even write letters to correct them constantly........
it just seems there is nothing to gain in starting christianity unless its a elaborate plan to get martyred... if you say they hallucinated then it must be such a vivid hallucination to convince them that... but as i stated above, that the start of christianity, the preaching of a dying and rising messiah not being made up, and the disciples not expecting Jesus to rise from death .....plus its attested they were frightened when they seen him and not exited as usually hallucinations are when your expecting it so much and get excited when you see what your expecting.... so i doubt it could be such a vivid group hallucination.... but something that convinced them to the point they suffered and died for that belief, could only be attested is if they truly seen and touched the risen Christ.............
FINAL fact.... the existence of the empty tomb..
Skeptical scholar Jacob Kremer says "By far most exegetes hold firmly to the reliability of the biblical statements concerning the empty tomb." Die Osterevangelien Page 49-50
The evidence for the empty tomb is also strong......
Some people think that Jesus wasn't buried in a tomb as John Dominic Crossan thinks that and says the Romans would not allow a proper burial for criminals........... This is simply wrong, as we have a source from Josephus in Jewish War 4.317 that says crucified victims were buried .... and 2 independent early sources that say Jesus was buried in a tomb (Mark 15:42, - 16:8 ; Paul in 1 Corinth 15:3-8)
Also we have archaeological evidence of a crucified victim who received a proper burial (Search on google Yohanan Ben Ha'galgo)....
Jesus burial also meets the criteria of embarrassment since they say he was buried in a tomb of a Sanhedrin member which would have been dishonouring for the followers...... such a group had just murdered their Lord, and now they need to bum a tomb for him from one of the members of those who murdered their Lord?..........
Also the fact that the gospels attest the name of the person who buried Jesus.. Joseph of Arimathea means the tomb was public knowledge and its whereabouts was known, ..... so the public at any time would know about it and readily debunk it if the tomb wasn't empty......... and the account of the empty tomb is also embarrassing as its discovered by women, and as mentioned earlier, this isnt something you would make up...
Matthew also mentions the competing theory when he mentions 'the jews claim the disciples stole the body" (Matt 28)........
Justin Martyr writing later, had to respond to this theory, because it was the official story that the jews were telling people...
"*his disciples stole him by night from the tomb, where he was laid when unfastened from the cross, and now deceive men by asserting that he has risen from the dead and ascended to heaven." -*said by Trypho ..Justin Martyr Dialogue with Trypho Chapter 108
So Justin Martyr writing later, had to respond to this theory, because it was the official story that the jews were telling people... which is an interesting admission, because it says the body cannot be found, if the Sanhedrin still had the body, they could of had the gentiles bring it out for them and show the tomb was never empty..... but the christians never had to respond to this charge (so both sides agree the tomb was empty)...
Also we have the Nazareth Inscription, a stone found in the area and has written on it an Imperial Decree from around 41 AD.. it says...
"EDICT OF CAESAR: It is my decision [concerning] graves and tombs*—whoever has made them for the religious observances of parents, or children, or household members—that these remain undisturbed forever. But if anyone legally charges that another person has destroyed, or has in any manner extracted those who have been buried, or has moved with wicked intent those who have been buried to other places, committing a crime against them, or has moved sepulcher-sealing stones, against such a person I order that a judicial tribunal be created, just as [is done] concerning the gods in human religious observances, even more so will it be obligatory to treat with honor those who have been entombed. You are absolutely not to allow anyone to move [those who have been entombed].* But if [someone does], I wish that [violator] to suffer capital punishment under the title of tomb-breaker."
So it says the penalty for grave robbing is death, which is interesting because its very severe of how romans punished thieving, the romans wouldn't give such a high penalty for stealing something... normally they would need to pay for the damages 2 or 4 fold, and possibly face a flogging.... ......
But this would all make sense with the rise of Christianity and what Suetonius tells us..
Life of claudius 25.4 Since the jews constantly made riots at the instigation of Chrestus, he expelled them from rome
So 1.Some jews in Rome were preaching about Christs resurrection and riots resulted from it.
2 If Jesus tomb was not empty.
- There would be no need for this imperial decree about grave robbing because Rome could just produce the body to dispel the riots.
So it appears to be that from all sides, the body was missing (Jews, Romans, Christians).... either way, theres no evidence the empty tomb was just a fabrication and this is why most scholars today accept the empty tomb
The only theory that accounts for all this data is that Jesus indeed died and resurrected after 3 days....... the conspiracy theory doesn't account for the quality of the testimony of the disciples,...... the empty tomb,.... and why skeptics would join a small persecuted minority.......
the hallucination theory would only work if you posit some pretty miraculous hallucinations that causes the disciples to change their idea, skeptics to convert and posit crazy ideas of a dying and rising messiah no one was expecting or looking for... and a crazy hallucination that the tomb was empty as-well..
The resurrection theory that God raised Jesus from the dead accounts for all the data, it has
1.explanatory scope because it explains all the facts, it has
2.explanatory power as it explains all the facts with the least amount of effort, and
- Illumination, as it offers other areas in history as it offers how christianity truly did start.
"This Christian hypothesis is of greater explanatory scope and power than other hypothesis which try to account for the relevant evidence, but is less plausaible and more ad hoc than they are." C Behan Mccullagh in his book Justifying Historical Descriptions Page 21.
Ofcourse there has been replies and arguments about if it really is less plausible and more ad hoc.... because it makes one more supposition..... (That God exists)....
I believe the hallucination theory cant account for multiple sensory hallucinations and group hallucinations and that they were so powerful that the disciples took it to their death and suffered for it.... plus a mass city hallucination of an empty tomb....
The conspiracy theory wants us to believe a bunch of frightened followers of Jesus , stole the body in secret in an over crowded city, to make up a story they weren't expecting and wasn't inline with jewish messianic expectations in order to get themselves martyred, and some of the skeptics decided to join this persecuted minority for no reason at all..
The resurrection theory only allows us to add the assumption that God exists, so it isn't more ad hoc than the other theories, and there are many arguments for the existence of God,...
If one insists on a naturalistic world view, and leaves no reason for theism being a possibility, then they can say the resurrection theory is improbable, but that also argues from a presupposition and not being open to evidence regardless of how one feels about it....
So the resurrection theory is more plausible and less ad hoc than the rest of the theories.... the evidence is mounted and that is why the non christian Anthony Flew was bold enough to say
"The evidence for the ressurection is better than for claimed miracles in any other religion. Its outstandingly different in quality and quantity - Anthony Flew "
The resurrection theory is the only theory that accounts for all the data and being less ad hoc and more plausible than the rest, its evidence is mounted, as Paulo Frederickson admitted "They must have seen something", and all the evidence favours that what they saw was the risen Christ.